Egypt, a nation of 105 million people, is situated on Africa's northern coast and is surrounded by the Red Sea to the east and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
For many years, Egypt's civilization has been characterized by its religious diversity, with numerous religious traditions over time leaving their imprint on the local populace. The current population in Egypt is roughly 90% Sunni Muslim, 10% Christian (though estimates range from 5 to 15% of the population), and less than 10 persons still identify as Jews. Many Christians and non-Muslim minorities in the larger Middle East and North Africa region are Copts, who are native Egyptian Christians. In modern days, Egyptian society encompasses many unrecognized schools and branches of Islam as well as other religious communities like: Shi’a, Quranists, Ahmadis, Bahá’is, and atheists.